The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund: A roadmap to collective impact

The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund offers hope to combating climate change. However, success is dependent on collaboration.


As the world grapples with climate change, the EPA's monumental $27 billion investment through the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund (GGRF) offers hope. This unprecedented commitment is channeled into three pivotal programs: the National Clean Investment Fund (NCIF), the Clean Communities Investment Accelerator (CCIA), and Solar for All (SFA). The NCIF drives clean technology innovation, the CCIA empowers marginalized communities, and the SFA focuses on expanding solar access in underserved areas. Yet, success in combating climate change is not solitary, it demands collaboration aligned with key objectives: delivering climate and air pollution benefits, promoting equity, and catalyzing community and market transformation. Your stakeholder role is paramount in this endeavor, emphasizing the necessity for robust coordination and standardized methodologies.

Maximizing impact through collaboration

The NCIF, CCIA, and SFA programs are strategically designed to promote collaboration and synergy, pooling various resources to bolster scalable projects and prioritize community involvement. NCIF recipients provide targeted financial aid, CCIA offers technical assistance and capacity building, and SFA awardees contribute insights into financing and subsidies for solar adoption among low-income households. Effective data management is imperative, with metrics such as greenhouse gas reductions and health benefits as crucial success indicators.

Enhancing impact through community benefit agreements

Community lending institutions play a vital role in tracking the impact of GGRF investments. Evolving Community Benefit Agreements now include broader metrics, such as environmental impacts. These agreements, leveraging standardized methodologies and community input, capture multifaceted impacts, driving positive change at local levels and beyond.

Benefits for clean energy projects

The core of the GGRF is the ambitious Inflation Reduction Act, offering significant clean energy provisions, including tax credits for affordable housing and clean energy projects. However, unlocking these benefits requires strict adherence to compliance requirements, such as prevailing wage and apprenticeship mandates. Failure to meet these standards could result in a drastic 80% reduction in tax credits, highlighting the importance of compliance in maximizing the impact of these incentives.

Insights for building climate resilience in infrastructure projects

Climate resilience is pivotal to GGRF-funded projects, especially as many deal with potential climate hazards in high-risk areas, such as low-income and disadvantaged communities. Understanding both physical climate risks and transition risks is essential for informed decision-making. The Physical Climate Risk Assessment Methodology provides a structured framework for evaluating climate risks in infrastructure assets, facilitating investment decisions, and helping ensure project resilience over their lifecycle. Long-term impact analysis tools also enable stakeholders to track performance across multiple projects, helping ensure adaptability to evolving market conditions and technological advancements.

Fostering collaboration and learning for program benefits

As the GGRF program unfolds, collaboration and community engagement are paramount. Peer-to-peer discussion roundtables and leveraging existing resources for scenario analysis provided by reputable organizations like the IPCC and IEA are critical for sharing best practices and driving meaningful change. Moreover, tools like the Renewable Energy Project Evaluation Tool enable stakeholders to evaluate the viability of projects, including incorporating different tax scenarios between Investment Tax Credits or Production Tax Credits with bonus adders. 

Paving the way for sustainable progress

The GGRF program represents more than just an investment in clean energy; it's a commitment to building resilience for future generations. By implementing tax credits, measuring the data that matters, and prioritizing climate change, stakeholders can unlock the full potential of the GGRF program. This potential includes driving transformative change globally and reaping the benefits of a brighter, more environmentally friendly future for all. With collaboration and innovation at the forefront, the GGRF offers a blueprint for collective impact and paves the way for sustainable progress.


Subject matter expertise

View All Specialists

Jennifer Kirkley

Manager, Value360 - Project Finance & Consulting

Jenny Brusgul

Sustainability Advisory Practice Leader

Christopher Griffin

CPA, Partner & CDFI Sector Leader

Dan Meers

Managing Director, Digital

Looking for the full list of our dedicated professionals here at CohnReznick?



Let’s start a conversation about your company’s strategic goals and vision for the future.

Please fill all required fields*

Please verify your information and check to see if all require fields have been filled in.

Please select job function
Please select job level
Please select country
Please select state
Please select industry
Please select topic

Related services

Our solutions are tailored to each client’s strategic business drivers, technologies, corporate structure, and culture.

This has been prepared for information purposes and general guidance only and does not constitute legal or professional advice. You should not act upon the information contained in this publication without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is made as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this publication, and CohnReznick LLP, its partners, employees and agents accept no liability, and disclaim all responsibility, for the consequences of you or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this publication or for any decision based on it.