Compliance Monitoring Changes

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The IRS published new compliance monitoring regulations (§ 1.42-5) in the Federal Register on Feb. 26, 2019, to amend and clarify requirements related to physical inspections and review of low-income certifications and other documentation. These regulations replace temporary regulations published on Feb. 26, 2016. 

Here’s a high-level summary about how these changes will impact your business.

  • The final regulations remove the provision that allows minimum sample size to be the lesser of 20% of the total number of low-income units or the minimum sample size set forth in the Low-Income Housing Credit Minimum Unit Sample Size Reference Chart, based on HUD Real Estate Assessment Center (REAC) protocol.
  • Sample sizes for physical inspections and review of low-income certifications will now only be based on the minimum sample size set forth in the attached chart based on REAC protocol. For smaller projects containing 100 or fewer units, the elimination of the 20% option will increase number of units selected. Agencies have discretion to increase the number of units selected.
compliance monitoring change affordable housing
  • Agencies are still required to physically inspect “all buildings” unless a project inspection is conducted under REAC protocol. If randomly selected units don’t cover all buildings, then the agency may inspect some aspect of the building like the exterior, common areas, or HVAC.
  • The reasonable notice requirement is shortened from 30 to 15 days with notice of specific low-income units identified for certification or physical inspection to occur only on the day of inspection. Agencies are required to randomly and separately select units for inspection and certifications for review, by choosing at least the minimum number of units in each case.
  • Agencies are required to amend their qualified allocation plans (QAP) to reflect the final regulations by Dec. 31, 2020. IRS Revenue Procedure 2016-15 is obsolete with respect to an agency at the earlier date on which the Agency’s QAP is amended to reflect these final regulations or Dec. 31, 2020.  

Subject matter expertise

  • beth mullen
    Contact Beth Beth+Mullen
    Beth Mullen

    CPA, Partner, Affordable Housing Industry Leader

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